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Unit #9: Depression & Dictators: Tools of Totalitariansim
 
  Learning Target: I can ANALYZE the causes of the Great Depression and its influence on the rise of totalitarian dictators. 

I know I know it when: I can DESCRIBE how Stalin, Mussolini, Franco, and Hitler took, consolidated, and maintained power.

I am learning this because: It has been said that "Freedom is never more that one generation away from extinction.
Therefore we must learn how tyrants and dictators can rise to power and deny people their freedoms if they are left unchecked.  


Class Notes: Tools of Totalitarianism Class Notes


Directions:
 
Directions: Please follow the directions in the box below to complete the assignment.  Be sure to complete the assignment and carefully check your work before submitting your assignment for a grade. 



Part 1: The Tools of Totalitarianism 

1.   In this unit we will be learning about several dictators who used Totalitarianism to rule over their nations.  The term totalitarianism describes a government that takes total, centralized, state control over
      every aspect of public and private life. Totalitarian leaders appear to provide a sense of security and to give a direction for the future. In the 20th century, the widespread use of mass communication made
      it possible to reach into all aspects of citizens’ lives.   In this lesson we will examine how each of these tools are used to give dictators absolute power over their people.

      Take a moment to download the The Tools of Totalitarianism Student Assignment.  Be sure to click File > Save As Google Slides before you begin


2.  Now, read the following passage about the The Tools of Totalitarianism in your The Tools of Totalitarianism Student Assignment.  Use your highlighter tool inside your
    The Tools of Totalitarianism Student Assignment. Use your highlighter or bold tool to identify the most important information in the text.

 

The Tools of Totalitarianism:

 

A Government of Total Control

The term totalitarianism describes a government that takes total, centralized, state control over every aspect of public and private life. Totalitarian leaders appear to provide a sense of security and to give a direction for the future. In the 20th century, the widespread use of mass communication made it possible to reach into all aspects of citizens’ lives.   A dynamic leader who can build support for his policies and justify his actions heads most totalitarian governments. Often the leader utilizes secret police to crush opposition and create a sense of fear among the people. No one is exempt from suspicion or accusations that he or she is an enemy of the state.   Totalitarianism challenges the highest values prized by Western democracies such as reason, freedom, human dignity, and the worth of the individual. All totalitarian states share basic characteristics.

 

To dominate an entire nation, totalitarian leaders and regimes devised methods of control and persuasion. These included the use of terror, indoctrination, propaganda, censorship, and religious or ethnic persecution.  

 

Police Terror:

Dictators of totalitarian states use terror and violence to force obedience and to crush opposition. Normally, the police are expected to respond to criminal activity and protect the citizens. In a totalitarian state, the police serve to enforce the central government’s policies. They may do this by spying on the citizens or by intimidating them. Sometimes they use brutal force and even murder to achieve their goals.

 

 

Indoctrination:

Totalitarian states rely on indoctrination, instruction in the government’s beliefs, to mold people’s minds. Control of education is absolutely essential to glorify the leader and his policies and to convince all citizens that their unconditional loyalty and support are required. Indoctrination begins with very young children, is encouraged by youth groups, and is strongly enforced by schools.  

 

Propaganda and Censorship:

Totalitarian states spread propaganda, biased or incomplete information used to sway people to accept certain beliefs or actions. Control of all mass media allows this to happen. No publication, film, art, or music is allowed to exist without the permission of the state. Citizens are surrounded with false information that appears to be true. Suggesting that the information is incorrect is considered an act of treason and severely punished. Individuals who dissent must retract their work or they are imprisoned or killed.

 

Religious or Ethnic Persecution:

Totalitarian leaders often create “enemies of the state” to blame for things that go wrong. Frequently these enemies are members of religious or ethnic groups. Often these groups are easily identified and are subjected to campaigns of terror and violence. They may be forced to live in certain areas or are subjected to rules that apply only to them.

 

lution!

 


2.  Answer the questions at the passage in your The Tools of Totalitarianism Student Assignment. 

1.  Define the term “totalitarianism.”

2.  Why do totalitarian regimes (governments) have a dynamic leader?

 3.  Who are the “secret police?”  How do totalitarian regimes use a secret police force?

4.  What roles does education play in a totalitarian regime?

5.  How does a totalitarian regime use propaganda to further its goals? 

6.  Who are the “enemies of the state?”

7.  How does a totalitarian state attempt to make citizens obey its rules?

8.  Conduct your own Internet search.  List at least 3 totalitarian leaders (past or  present).  Be sure to note which country they control.

Essay Question:

Compose a well written paragraph (5-7 sentences) answering the following question:

How would your life change if you lived in a totalitarian state? 

Be sure to include a thesis statement such as:

If I lived in a totalitarian state my life would be different because . . . . .

You should also include at least 3 or 4 details from this assignment and examples within your own life to explain your answer.  Do not skip this part of the assignment, you will have to submit your work. 




3.  Be prepared to discuss the passage with the class.





Part 2: Submit your work for a grade


 1.   Once you have completed your The Tools of Totalitarianism Student Assignment, use the Google Form below to submit your work for a grade.  Be sure to check
       your answers using the The Tools of Totalitarianism Student Assignment

 2.    Carefully check your answer and submit your work for a grade.  You must have answered the questions to do well on this submission. 

      Submit Assignment

3.    Good Job!




  World History with Mr. Gigliotti | Valley Forge High School | Parma Hts., OH | gigliottip@parmacityschools.org