Your Journey Through U.S. History Starts Here!

Unit #3: The Constitutional Convention
Learning Target: I can CREATE and SHARE a presentation showcasing important details of the Constitutional Convention.

Please complete the steps below to prepare for this assignment:

 Follow the directions below.  You will be creating a tab for this assignment after you have added this lesson's learning target to your LiveBinder.

1.  Open the "Learning Targets" tab in your LiveBinder.  Copy the learning target above into your LiveBinder.  

2.  Create a new tab in your LiveBinder titled "The Constitutional Convention

3.  Now click on "content" > "text" > "text-media" option. 


Red Activity:

Assignments to Complete:

Part I: Introduction

1.  You will be assuming the role of one of the famous delegates at the Constitutional Convention.  For this assignment, you will be conducting research and participating in a mock Constitutional Convention.  Your
     grade will be based on your preperation and performance during the mock convention. 

2.  Before you get started, please watch the following short video to preview all of the information you will be learning about.  You should also explore the information on this outstanding website to become more
     familiar with the Constitutional Convention. 

3.  Make a list of at least 5 things you learned about the Constitutional Convention from the video in your LiveBinder text box.

4.  Please check the list of delegates to see which delegate you will be portraying or assisting during our Mock Constitutional Convention. 

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Part II: What was it like to be at the Constitutional Convention? Writing Prompts

1.  Before we can conduct our mock constitutional convention, we must learn about the extrodinary events that took place in 1787.  To begin, please watch the short video titled Founding Fathers: US Constitution
     You should also explore James Madison's notes from the convention as a primary source.
    
2.  Next you are going to be analyzing some materials about the Constitutional Convention in order to compose several well written paragraphs.  Answer each of the writing prompts below in your LiveBinder
     textbox.  Be sure to examine all of the materials provided to help you.  You may also conduct your own reearch.  Be sure that all of your work is done in your own words.

    At the beginning of the video, James Madison writes in The Federalist Paper #51:

    "If men were angels, no government would be necessary. If angels were to govern men, neither external nor internal controls on government would be necessary. In framing a government which is to be
     administered by men over men, the great difficulty lies in this: you must first enable the government to control the governed; and in the next place oblige it to control itself.
"  

    A.  In the form of a well written paragraph (7-9 sentences) explain what you think Madison means by this quote.  You should spend some time exploring the video, reading the quote,
         and reading over the website about James Madison's famous quote.  You may also conduct your own Internet searches. Type your answer in your LiveBinder text box.


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    B.  In the form of a well written paragraph (7-9 sentences) explain why James Madison was considered to the Father of the Constitution.  You should spend some time exploring the
         video, but also this website about
James Madison's contributions to the writing of the Constitution.  You may also conduct your own Internet searches.  Type your answer in your
         LiveBinder text box. 



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    C.  In the form of a well written paragraph (7-9 sentences) explain why you think the delegates at the Constitutional Convention were SHOCKED to hear Alexander Hamilton suggest
         that the executive, which we know as the president, serve in office for life?  Use your prior knowledge and this website to help you answer this question in your LiveBinder textbox. 

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    D.  In the form of a well written paragraph (7-9 sentences) explain how Ben Franklin used the carving on the back of George Washington's chair to summarize the work that was
         completed by the delegates at the Constitutional Convention.  You may hear his quote in the video.  Please be sure to examine this website to assist you in writing your paragraph.  

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Part III: Getting To Know Your Delegate

1
.  You have each been assigned a "delegate" that attended the Constitutional Convention and will be reenacting their role at the Convention.   Take some time to create a name plate for your delegate that can be
     used during our simulation.  The name plate should have your delegate's first and last name.  It should also indicate which state your delegate represents. 

2.  Next, conduct your own Internet research to learn more about your delegate's biographical background.  You will be sharing this information with the other delegates during our mock convention.  You should
     also explore the reseources on this webpage that is full of information about the delegates.  To help you with this, write a typed ONE page biographical introduction (in your own words) that will be
     read to introduce yourself at the mock convention.  

  
     Your biographical introduction should include the following:

     A.  Your delegate's full name

     B.  Your delegates home State 

     C.  How old was your delegate in 1787 during the convention?

     D.  What other "political" or "military" offices did your delegate hold or serve in BEFORE 1787?

     E.  Any other additional information about your delegates families, educational back ground, and occupations. 

     F.  Wht type of character and personality did your delegate have at the Constitutional Convention?  This will help you accuratly portray them in the mock convention.  

     F.  Express one problem with the Articles of Confedeation they are most concerned about. 
 

3.  Print out a large picture of your delegates face.  Cut out the picture and glue it to a popsicle stick.  You will be using this as a mask during our mock convention. 


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Part IV: Our Mock Constitutional Convention

1.  At the end of this activity, you MUST ACTIVLEY PARTICIPATE in our mock Constitutional Convention.  The mock Constitutional Convention will be held during a lunch period so that delegates from each of
     my classes can join in the activity.  Failure to participate in this activity will result in a failing grade for this activity.    


2.  In order to successfully participate in our Mock Constitutional Convention, you will have to portray your delegate's role in the Mock Constitutional Convention script.  To prepare for your role, and to learn even
     more about the Constitutional Convention, read over the entire Mock Constitutional Convention script.  You may also wish to explore James Madison's notes from the convention as a primary source to further
     emerse yourself in your character.  Use the information in the script and in Madison's Notes to answer the questions below in your LiveBinder text box: 

     A.  Who helped convince leaders in the 13 states that a meeting to fix the nation's problems was necessary?

     B.  How many delegates attended the Constitutional Convention?  In which city did it take place?

     C.  In 1787, what was the Constitutional Convention originally called?

     D.  Who was the president of the Constitutional Convention?  Why do you think he was chosen to led the Convention?

     E.  Which of the delegates at the Constitutional Convention was considered to be the "Father of the Constitution?"

     F.  Which one of the delegates at the Constitutional Convention was a genius?   Which delegate was considered to be the wise old man at the Constitutional Convention?

     G.  What did the delegates to the Constitutional Convention do with the Articles of Confederation?

     H.  How did the Virginia Plan give states representation in Congress? 

     I.  Why was William Paterson against the Virginia Plan?

     J.  What was the "Great Compromise?"

     K.  What was the "3/5s Compromise?"

     L.  How many states were needed to ratify the U.S. Constitution?

     M.  What were the "Federalist Papers?"



3.  Be sure to highlight and practice your parts in our Mock Constitutional Convention script.  Be sure to have our introduction, name plate, and face ready to go for the mock Constitutional Convention.  You may
     want to consider using other propts as well.  Please be prepared.  It is going to be awesome!

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White Activity:
 Assignments to Complete:

Slide #1: Project Introduction and Title Slide

1.  For this activity you will be researching and learning about a famous event in United States History known as the Constitutional Convention.  Use the information you have learned and follow the directions below
     to create a PowerPoint or google slides presentation that showcases all of the important details about the Constitutional Convention.  Your presentation will also include information about how the United States Constitution is
     still used today as America's plan of government.    Your PowerPoint or google slides presentation should be creative and depictive of the questions below.  You should be sure to include titles, text, and images on each slide. 
     Be sure to save your PowerPoint file on your computer.  When you have completed your work, please upload your file to your LiveBinder media box. 

2.  To get started, please watch the following short video to preview all of the information you will be learning about. 

    

3.  Open Microsoft PowerPoint or google slides and create a new presentation. 

4.  Conduct an Internet search to find an image of the "Constitutional Convention."  Place the image on your title slide. 

5.  Create a title for your slide.  Your title for this slide should read "The Constitutional Convention."    You may choose whatever font and style you wish. 

6.  Use text tools to place your full name on your title slide.  You may choose whatever font and style you wish. 

7.  Use your tools to set a background color or image.  You should try to use the same styles and colors throughout your project to maintain consistency.    You may also wish to place a box around the
    edge of each page as a frame. 

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Slide #2: Important Terms

1.  Create a new slide in your presentation.  This slide is going to showcase some vocabulary terms about the Constitutional Convention.

3.  Choose a background color, boarder, and font style for your slide.  Place a title at the top of the slide using the word art that reads "Important Terms"

3.  Conduct an Internet search to define the following terms below.  Place the terms and their definitions in your presentation.

     Constitution  |  Government  |  Convention  |  delegate  |  Founding Fathers  |  The Framers of the Constitution  |  Constitutional Convention

4.   Conduct an Internet search to find at least 5 images illustrating the definitions above.  

5.   Use your features to arrange the images and definitions you discovered in an attractive and easy to read format. 

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Slide #3: The Convention Begins!

1.  To help you with this portion of the project, take a few moments to watch the following Founding Fathers video

   


2.  You can also explore the information on the Teaching American History Website.

3.  Create a new slide in your PowerPoint presentation.  This slide is going to showcase some basic background information about the Constitutional Convention.

4.  Choose a background color, boarder, and font style for your slide.  Place a title at the top of the slide using the PowerPoint word art that reads "The Convention Begins!"

5.  Next, explore the materials in box 6 to find the answers to the important questions below.  You may also wish to read the information found on this website.  Use the links at the top of the page to find the
     appropriate section.  Remember, you can have your Macbook read the text to you if you so choose.

     * You will find another excellent resource for this slide on pages 16 - 25 of the Constitutional Study Guide PDF.

     A.  How did Shay's Rebellion convince the Founding Fathers to meet in 1787 to revise the Articles of Confederation? 

         

     B.  What did the Founding Fathers do with the Articles of Confederation?

     C.  In what city and in what building was the Constitutional Convention held?

     D.  How many delegates attended the Constitutional Convention?  Who was the oldest delegate?  Who was the youngest? 

     E.  Include at least four important delegates at the Constitutional Convention.   

     F.  What role did George Washington play at the Convention?

     G.  Who is known as the "Father of the Constitution?"  Why did they call him that?

     H.  List
at least two famous Americans or groups of Americans from that time period who were not at the Constitutional Convention.  Explain why they did not attend. 


6.   Conduct an Internet search to find at least 3 images illustrating the information above.  These could be pictures of people, locations, maps, etc.

7.   Use your PowerPoint features to arrange the information you discovered about the questions above in an attractive and easy to read format. 

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Slide #4: Influences On The Founding Fathers


1.  Create a new slide in your PowerPoint presentation.  All of our Founding Fathers were students of History and Philosophy.  This slide is going to showcase some of the of the philosophers, ideas, and civilizations
     that influenced their work. 

2.  Choose a background color, boarder, and font style for your slide.  Place a title at the top of the slide using the PowerPoint word art that reads "Influences On The Founding Fathers"

3.  What does the term "influence" mean?

4.  Next, conduct research on this website to find how out how at least three of the terms below influenced the Founding Fathers and the U.S. Constitution:

     Ancient Greek Democracy  \  Ancient Roman Republic  \  English Magna Carta  \  The Enlightenment  \  John Locke's Contract Theory  \  Montesquieu's Separation of Powers & Limited Government

     *
You will also find information on the influences above on this website.  * You will find another excellent resource for this slide on pages 11 - 14 of the Constitutional Study Guide PDF.



5.   Conduct an Internet search to find at least 3 images illustrating the information above. 

6.   Use your PowerPoint features to arrange the information you discovered about the questions above in an attractive and easy to read format. 

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Slide #5: What Should Congress Look Like?

1.  To help you with slides 5 and 6 of the project, take a few moments to watch the following video.

    
    

2.  Create a new slide in your PowerPoint presentation.  During the Constitutional Convention, many of the delegates disagreed on how much power and representation each state should get in Congress.  This
     slide is going to showcase each of their arguments.

3.  Choose a background color, boarder, and font style for your slide.  Place a title at the top of the slide using the PowerPoint word art that reads "What Should Congress Look Like?"

4.  Next, explore the materials in boxes 8-11 to find the answers to the important questions below.  You may also wish to read the information found on this website.  Use the links at the top of the page to find the
     appropriate section.  You can also explore this website to research various ideas for congress.  Remember that your Macbook will read the text to you if you would like.   This video is full of excellent information
     as well.

     * You will find another excellent resource for this slide on page 28 of the Constitutional Study Guide PDF.

     A.  Define the term "congress"

     B.  Which delegate introduced the "Virginia Plan"  for Congress?

     C.  Explain how the "Virginia Plan" would give each state representation in Congress

     D.  Which delegate introduced the "New Jersey Plan? for Congress

     E.  Explain how the "New Jersey Plan" would give each state representation in Congress

     F.  Why would states with small populations not like the Virginia Plan?



5.   Conduct an Internet search to find at least one image of the "Virginia Plan" and at least one image of the "New Jersey Plan."

6.   Use your PowerPoint features to arrange your information in an attractive and easy to read format.   

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Slide #6: Compromises At The Convention

1.  Watch the following video about the Great Compromise to get started.

     

2.  Create a new slide in your PowerPoint presentation.  Even though the Founding Fathers argued during the Constitutional Convention, the genius of work was in their ability to compromise.  This
     slide will showcase two compromises made by the Founding Fathers at the Constitutional Convention. 

3.  Choose a background color, boarder, and font style for your slide.  Place a title at the top of the slide using the PowerPoint word art that reads "Compromises At The Convention"

4.  Next, explore the materials in boxes 12-15 to find the answers to the important questions below.  You can also explore this website to research the various Compromises.  You may also wish to read the
     information found on this website.  You can also explore the information on this this outstanding website.  Use the links at the top of the page to find the appropriate section.  Remember, you can have your
     Macbook read the text to you if you so choose.

     * You will find another excellent resource for this slide on page 29 of the Constitutional Study Guide PDF.

     A.  What is a  "compromise?"

     B.  What was the "Great Compromise?" 

     C.  Explain how the Virginia and New Jersey Plans become the House of Representatives and the Senate.

     D.  Why do you think states with small populations and states with large populations would have supported or approved the Great Compromise?   

     E.  What was the "3/5s Compromise?"  Explain how slaves were to be counted for representation in the House of Representatives.



5.   Conduct an Internet search to find at least one image of the "Great Compromise" and at least one images of the "3/5s Compromise."

6.   Use your PowerPoint features to arrange the information you discovered about the questions above in an attractive and easy to read format. 

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Slide #7: Ratification Of The U.S. Constitution

1.  To help you with this portion of the project, take a few moments to watch the following video.  You can also explore the information on this this outstanding website

    
    

2.  Create a new slide in your PowerPoint presentation.  After the Founding Fathers had completed their work at the Convention, Article VII  of the new U.S. Constitution required at least 9 of the 13 states to ratify
     or approve the plan before it became the law of the land.  This caused a great debate across America between people who supported the Constitution and those who did not.  This
     slide will showcase the debate between Federalists and Anti-Federalists before the Constitution was ratified. 

3.  Choose a background color, boarder, and font style for your slide.  Place a title at the top of the slide using the PowerPoint word art that reads "Ratification Of The U.S. Constitution"

4.  Next, explore the materials in boxes 16-18 to find the answers to the important questions below.  You can also explore this website to research the ratification of the Constitution.  You may also wish to read the
     information found on this website.  Use the links at the top of the page to find the appropriate section.  Remember, you can have your Macbook read the text to you if you so choose.  You will find this website to
     also be very helpful in creating this slide. 

     * You will find another excellent resource for this slide on pages 32 - 34 of the Constitutional Study Guide PDF.

     A.  What does the term "ratify" mean?

     B.  According to Article VII of the Constitution, explain what was needed to ratify the Constitution.

     C.  Who were the "Federalists?"  Who were the "Anti-Federalists?"

     D.  What were the "Federalist Papers?"

     E.  What is a "constitutional amendment?"

     F.  What are the "Bill of Rights?"

     G.  When did the Constitution finally become the law of the land?



5.   Conduct an Internet search to find at least one image of the Federalist Papers and at least one image of the Bill of Rights.

6.   Use your PowerPoint features to arrange the information you discovered about the questions above in an attractive and easy to read format.   

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Conclusion


1.  When you have completed your assignment, upload the completed PowerPoint file to your LiveBinder media box.

2.  Next email your assignment to a friend and have a friend email you their PowerPoint presentation. 

3.  Complete a "peer review" of their PowerPoint Presentation.

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Blue Activity:
 Assignments to Complete:

Part 1: Project Introduction and Title Slide

1.  For this activity you will be researching and learning about a famous event in United States History known as the Constitutional Convention.  Use the information you have learned and follow the directions below
     to create a PowerPoint presentation that showcases all of the important details about the Constitutional Convention.  You should be sure to complete the Constitutional Convention Power Point template.   When you have completed your work, please upload your file to your LiveBinder media box. 

2.  To get started, please watch the following short video to preview all of the information you will be learning about. 

     

3.  Download and open the Constitutional Convention Power Point template in Microsoft PowerPoint. 

4.  Place your names on Slide #1 the title slide.   

5.  Be sure to save the presentation to your computer frequently.

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Part 2: Important Terms

1.  Conduct an Internet search to define the following terms below. 

     Constitution  |  Government  |  delegate  |  Founding Fathers  |  Constitutional Convention


2.  Place the definition of each term on slide #2 in your PowerPoint presentation.


3.   Conduct an Internet search to find at least 1 images illustrating at least 3 of the terms you defined.  Place these images on your PowerPoint slide.  

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Part 3: The Convention Begins!

1.  To help you with this portion of the project, take a few moments to watch the following video.

    

2.  Next, explore the materials in box 6 to complete slides 3, 4, 5, & 6 of your Constitutional Convention Power Point template.   You may also wish to read the information found on this website.  Use the links at the
     top of the page to find the  appropriate section.  Remember, you can have your Macbook read the text to you if you so choose.

     * You will find another excellent resource for this slide on pages 16 - 25 of the Constitutional Study Guide PDF.




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Part 4: Influences On The Founding Fathers

1.   Conduct research on this website to complete slide #7 on your Constitutional Convention Power Point template.

     Ancient Greek Democracy  \  Ancient Roman Republic  \  English Magna Carta  \  The Enlightenment  \  John Locke's Contract Theory  \  Montesquieu's Separation of Powers & Limited Government

     *
You will also find information on the influences above on this website.  * You will find another excellent resource for this slide on pages 11 - 14 of the Constitutional Study Guide PDF.


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Part 5: What Should Congress Look Like?

1.  To help you with slides 5 and 6 of the project, take a few moments to watch the following video.

    
    



2.  Explore the materials in boxes 8-11 to complete slide #8 in your Constitutional Convention Power Point template.  You may also wish to read the information found on this website.  Use the links at the top of the
     page to find the appropriate section.  You can also explore this website to research various ideas for congress.  Remember that your Macbook will read the text to you if you would like. 

     * You will find another excellent resource for this slide on page 28 of the Constitutional Study Guide PDF.

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Part 6: Compromises At The Convention

1.  Watch the following video about the Great Compromise to get started.

     
 


2.   Explore the materials in boxes 12-15 to complete slides #9 & 10 in your Constitutional Convention Power Point template.  You can also explore this website to research the various Compromises.  You may also
      wish to read the information found on this website.  Use the links at the top of the page to find the appropriate section.  Remember, you can have your Macbook read the text to you if you so choose.

     * You will find another excellent resource for this slide on page 29 of the Constitutional Study Guide PDF.

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Part 7: Ratification Of The U.S. Constitution

1.  To help you with this portion of the project, take a few moments to watch the following video.

    

2.  Explore the materials in boxes 11-12 to complete slides #11 & #12 in your Constitutional Convention Power Point template  You can also explore this website to research the ratification of the Constitution.  You 
     may also wish to read the information found on this website.  Use the links at the top of the page to find the appropriate section.  Remember, you can have your Macbook read the text to you if you so choose. 
     You will find this website to also be very helpful in creating this slide. 

     * You will find another excellent resource for this slide on pages 32 - 34 of the Constitutional Study Guide PDF.

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Conclusion


1.  When you have completed your assignment, upload the completed PowerPoint file to your LiveBinder media box.

2.  Next email your assignment to a friend and have a friend email you their PowerPoint presentation. 

3.  Complete a "peer review" of their PowerPoint Presentation.
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